Popular tests

The HbA1c test, also known as the Hemoglobin A1c, Glycated Hemoglobin, or A1c test, measures the average blood sugar (glucose) levels over the past 2 to 3 months. It works by identifying the percentage of hemoglobin (the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen) that is coated with sugar. The higher the HbA1c level, the higher the risk of developing complications related to diabetes, such as nerve damage or cardiovascular disease. This test is crucial for diagnosing prediabetes and diabetes, as well as for monitoring how well diabetes is being managed over time. Essentially, it provides a longer-term gauge of blood sugar control than daily blood glucose tests.
An HBsAg quantitative test measures how much of the Hepatitis B surface antigen is hanging out in the blood. This antigen is a protein from the Hepatitis B virus, and spotting it means the virus is present and the person currently has an infection. This info is useful for understanding the severity of the infection and guiding treatment decisions. The process to get this done is simple: just a quick blood sample is needed. Keeping an eye on these levels can help healthcare providers manage and monitor Hepatitis B infections effectively.
HBsAb test, also known as the Hepatitis B surface antibody test, looks for antibodies against the Hepatitis B virus in the blood. This test helps figure out if there's immunity to Hepatitis B, either from getting vaccinated or from a past infection. When the body makes antibodies, it means it's responded to the virus in some way, giving protection against future infections. This test is especially useful for telling if the Hepatitis B vaccine worked or if there was an infection and developed immunity. Getting this test done is simple - it just needs a small blood sample. Knowing the status of Hepatitis B antibodies can be really important in staying on top of health and stopping the spread of this virus that affects the liver.
ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase) test is a blood test that measures the level of ALT enzyme in the blood. ALT is an enzyme primarily found in the liver, essential for converting proteins into energy for liver cells. The test is often used to assess liver health and detect liver damage. Elevated levels of ALT in the blood can indicate liver injury or inflammation, as the enzyme leaks into the bloodstream when liver cells are damaged. Therefore, the ALT test is a key component in diagnosing liver conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver damage from medications, alcohol use, or other toxins. Monitoring ALT levels helps in the early detection and management of liver disease.
AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase) test is a blood test that measures the level of AST enzyme in the blood. AST is an enzyme found in various parts of the body, including the liver, heart, muscles, kidneys, and brain. It plays a role in amino acid metabolism. The test is commonly used to assess liver health, but because AST is present in multiple organs, it's not as specific to liver damage as ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase). Elevated AST levels can indicate damage or disease affecting the liver or other tissues where AST is found. The AST test is often performed alongside other tests, such as the ALT test, to diagnose or monitor liver disease and to determine if elevated enzymes are due to liver damage or muscular injuries.
The test measures a hormone called hCG, produced during pregnancy by the placenta and found in the blood and urine. Testing for hCG can be done as early as ten days after conception to determine if you are pregnant. Measuring hCG can also help identify potential complications.
AFP is a type of tumor marker produced by cancer cells or normal cells in response to cancer. High levels of AFP can indicate cancer of the liver, ovaries, or testicles. However, other non-cancerous conditions can also increase AFP levels, so this test alone can't fully diagnose cancer.
Serum Uric Acid level test measures the amount of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is a waste product that's created when the body breaks down substances called purines, found in certain foods and drinks. Normally, uric acid is dissolved in the blood, passes through the kidneys, and is excreted in urine. High levels of uric acid in the blood, known as hyperuricemia, can lead to gout, a form of arthritis that causes painful inflammation in the joints. It can also indicate kidney problems or the risk of developing kidney stones. This test is useful for diagnosing gout, monitoring kidney function, and assessing the risk of kidney stones.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It weakens a person’s immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. There is currently no effective cure for HIV. However, with proper medical care, the condition can be controlled. When people with HIV do not get treatment, they typically progress through three stages. Stage 1, the most contagious phase, involves acute infection with flu-like symptoms. Stage 2 is a chronic infection with no symptoms, but HIV is still transmissible at this stage. Stage 3 is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), the most severe stage of HIV infection, with an increasing number of opportunistic infections or other serious illnesses.
PCR (Polymerase chain reaction) test is performed by Real Time technique or RT-PCR for short. In this technique, throat swabs are taken to analyze genetic material and detect the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Real-time RT-PCR testing is currently the most common and accurate method for determining whether a person has the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Individual tests

17-OH-Progesterone test is used for screening and diagnosing Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH).
It's an IgG mediated food hypersensitivity reaction towards specific food products that lead to detrimental reaction, often delayed type and after long term ingestion towards specific food items, beverages, food additive or compound found in foods, that produces symptoms in one or more body organs and systems. The test should not be confused with food allergy (IgE) where the symptoms are more specific and identifiable.
Serum 25-OH Vitamin D test measures the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood, which is the best indicator of vitamin D status. Vitamin D is crucial for bone health, as it helps the body absorb calcium. It also plays a role in immune function and inflammation reduction. This test is used to check if there is too much or too little vitamin D, which can indicate bone disorders, nutritional deficiencies, or other health issues. Adequate levels of vitamin D are important for maintaining bone strength and overall health, making this test essential in preventive health care.
ACTH is a pituitary gland hormone that controls cortisol production. Cortisol, an adrenal gland hormone helps you respond to stress, fight infection, and regulate blood sugar and blood pressure. The test is often done with a cortisol test to diagnose pituitary or adrenal gland disorders.
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