Calcium is an essential mineral for your body's ability to form and maintain healthy teeth and bones. Calcium helps muscles and blood vessels contract and expand, secrete hormones and enzymes, and send messages through the nervous system. A long-term calcium deficiency can lead to dental changes, nerve malfunction, and brittle bones.
Ionized calcium is calcium in your blood that is not attached to proteins. It is also called free calcium which helps build strong bones and teeth. Calcium is important for heart function, muscle contraction, nerve signaling, and blood clotting.
Chloride is an electrolyte that helps control the distribution of fluid and the pH balance in your body. Chloride is often measured with other electrolytes to diagnose or monitor conditions such as kidney disease, heart failure, or liver disease.
Electrolytes are minerals that help control the amount of fluids and the balance of acids and bases in your body. An electrolyte panel includes: - Sodium, which helps control the amount of fluid in the body and ensures that nerves and muscles work properly. - Chloride also helps control the amount of fluid in the body and maintains healthy blood volume and blood pressure. - Potassium, which helps your heart and muscles work properly.
Iron homeostasis diseases are common and may be attributed to either iron deficiency or overload. Iron deficiency can result from increased loss or inadequate absorption of iron. Iron overload occurs when there is an excess in the binding capacity of transferrin. Iron overload may also occur during the catabolism of red cells. Iron levels are used to help diagnose specific types of anemia.
Magnesium is a type of charged electrolyte mineral. It is responsible for many important functions and processes in your body, such as helping your muscles, nerves, and heart work properly. Magnesium also helps control blood pressure and blood sugar.
Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in the body. It is primarily found in bones and teeth, playing a crucial role in their formation. A phosphorus deficiency may cause bone diseases, while an improper balance of phosphorus and calcium can lead to osteoporosis.
Potassium is an electrolyte that regulates your heartbeat and helps your muscles contract and nerves function. Too much potassium in your blood can damage your heart and lead to a heart attack. However, if the potassium in your blood is low, it can cause life-threatening complications, such as an irregular heartbeat or acute respiratory failure from muscle paralysis.
Sodium is an electrolyte that your body needs to function. It helps to regulate the nerves and muscles and maintains the right balance of fluids in your body. High sodium levels can lead to high blood pressure and other health problems, while low sodium levels may cause seizures, coma, and even death.
Vitamin B12 is essential for the body, having a role in nervous system function, and the production of DNA and red blood cells. Vitamin B12 tests help detect anemia with larger-than-normal red blood cells or problems with the nervous system, such as emotional changes, or weakness.
Folic acid is a form of vitamin B9. It helps the body make healthy new cells. For women who may get pregnant, it is really important. Getting enough folic acid before and during pregnancy can prevent major birth defects in your baby's brain or spine.
This test is used to investigate problems related to bone metabolism or parathyroid function and possible vitamin D deficiency or malabsorption, before commencing specific bone treatment and to monitor patients taking vitamin D.
Zinc is an important trace element that people need to stay healthy. Of the trace elements, ZInc is second only to iron in its concentration in the body. It is needed for the body's defensive (immune) system to work properly, for cell division, cell growth, wound healing, and the breakdown of carbohydrates.