Calcium is an essential mineral for forming and maintaining healthy teeth and bones. It helps your muscles send messages through the nervous system, and blood vessels contract, expand, and secrete hormones and enzymes. A long-term calcium deficiency can lead to dental changes, nerve malfunction, and brittle bones.
Chloride is an electrolyte that helps control the distribution of fluid and the pH balance in your body. Chloride is often measured with other electrolytes to diagnose or monitor conditions such as heart failure and kidney or liver disease.
This tests for potential exposure to pesticide chemicals called organophosphates. It also helps diagnose liver disease, aids assessments before anesthesia with the muscle relaxant succinylcholine, and helps determine the cause of prolonged apnea after surgical anesthesia.