This tests for potential exposure to pesticide chemicals called organophosphates. It also helps diagnose liver disease, aids assessments before anesthesia with the muscle relaxant succinylcholine, and helps determine the cause of prolonged apnea after surgical anesthesia.
Copper is an essential mineral that the body incorporates into enzymes. These enzymes play a role in the regulation of iron metabolism, the formation of connective tissue, energy production within cells, and the function of the nervous system. The test helps diagnose and monitor Wilson disease, sometimes identifying a copper deficiency or excess.
A blood alcohol test may be used for many purposes, including legal evidence, testing for alcohol poisoning, or monitoring treatment for alcohol abuse. This test also helps identify the cause of an unknown coma since alcohol intoxication can mimic a diabetic coma, cerebral trauma, or drug overdose.
Morphine is a substance that has analgesic properties but also causes sedation, euphoria, respiratory depression, and orthostatic hypotension. Chronic use can lead to tolerance and dependence. Clinical monitoring of compliance or illegal use measures these analytes.