The premarital screening can be a new test for many people, but in fact, it is a very important test for couples to promptly prevent and detect weaknesses. Factors causing infertility and infertility and diseases inherited to children in the future.
A closer look at what prenatal testing involves and how much it costs will be how we actively protect the reproductive health and well-being of each couple.
What Is The Premarital Check-Up?
Pre-marital screening is probably a new concept to many people. What tests are done before marriage? According to the doctors, the premarital test is also known as a premarital physical exam. This is a test done to help doctors determine the general health status, especially fertility diseases in both men and women.
Pre-marital genetic testing is an extremely meaningful job that many people do not pay attention to. Because in fact, thanks to the fact that both husband and wife have a pre-wedding health check, screening for infectious diseases, genetic pathology will assess the reproductive health and genetic screening for baby.
Nowadays, society is developing more and more, with the widespread speed of the internet, the easy access to medical information, so the importance of prenuptial testing is also more emphasized.
The practice of premarital testing is not proactive by couples, is the advice of doctors but is also considered a recommendation for all couples.
Even if you feel that your body is healthy, it is okay to have a prenuptial test because the potential risks are not easily visible to the outside to recognize, although they are still possible silently threatening health.
Not only that, for couples preparing to marry, the premarital test is the best way to better identify the possible risks and impacts on future health.
Identifying these risks from the beginning will be an important factor for doctors to make the most effective preventive measures and treatment. Besides, testing is also a secret to help couples more understanding and share, to build a more cohesive family happiness together.
The Purpose Of Premarital Screening
Premarital screening includes fertility, sexuality, and screening for sexually transmitted diseases and genetic diseases. From there, the doctor will advise fertility measures, health care, contraception (if the couple requires).
- Early detection of possible causes of infertility.
- Counsel couples on the most appropriate time to give birth and health care measures for a healthy, intelligent baby and provide information to help couples prepare a good birth plan.
- Examination of personal and genetic medical history.
- The general medical examination includes Measuring height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate, digestion, breathing …
- General health ultrasound: Ultrasound of bile, liver, kidney, ureter, bladder …
- For women, they will perform additional gynecological examination packages such as examining the ovaries, hysteroscopy, mammograms, urethral fluid testing …
- Men will need an ultrasound scan of the prostate gland, a male exam, and a semen chart. Thanks to this test will evaluate the sperm quality and know whether fertility is good or not.
- Other tests include blood tests, peripheral blood cell analyses, urine analyses, sex hormone tests, kidney function assessments, liver function …
In the case of couples planning to give birth immediately after marriage, women need to be vaccinated 3-6 months early with vaccines such as chickenpox, tetanus, and the 3in3 vaccine against measles and mump and rubella.
If you do not intend to give birth right away, your doctor will advise you about a safe, effective method of contraception, to limit the effect on reproductive health in the future.
What Does The Premarital Consist Of?
Premarital screening includes what is a common question for couples when learning about prenuptial screening to prepare well in advance, as well as arrange a reasonable time to proceed. examination.
Accordingly, the premarital test will include 5 main groups as follows:
Testing For Infectious Diseases
The current common sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, HIV, and HPV … are diseases that happen silently with unclear symptoms, so they are difficult to develop show up at an early stage. If the disease enters a serious stage, spreads to a spouse, or spreads from mother to child, it will significantly affect the health and burden of family life.
If, in the unlikely event, a spouse has these diseases, couples can still prevent cross-infection through premarital testing.
Besides, based on the test results, the doctor will give treatment measures and instructions on how to protect each other. Thanks to early detection and treatment, it is also an important factor to help reduce the risk of infertility, infertility, or miscarriage because it is actively controlled early.
Reproductive Health Test
According to the medical statistics, the cause of infertility and infertility comes from men accounts for one third and for women it is one third, the rest is due to the combination of the father and mother or a few due to unidentified cause.
In addition to the factors that cause infertility originating from congenital genetics, inadequate living conditions and environmental pollution are also causes of significant impacts on the reproductive health of men and women.
Therefore, not only men or each woman need to pay attention to premarital health, but both should actively take the premarital test to check.
Today, thanks to the advancement of modern medicine, has brought many opportunities to be parents for infertile couples. But to do this, early prenatal testing, fertility assessment, and increased effectiveness of treatment are extremely important factors.
A blood test is one of the basic tests, a simple and fast sampling process, but it plays an important role in the health of women and fetuses in the future.
Through a blood test, the doctor can know the quantity and quality of the blood cell lines and evaluate the mother's anemia, there are plans to prepare well for the upcoming pregnancy.
Not only that, but the blood test can also assess the spouse's blood type compatibility. To be more specific, if the result of a wife having a blood type of Rh (-) when married with her husband has a blood type Rh (+), during the pregnancy, it is necessary to follow up and take care strictly.
This is because antibodies in the mother's blood can damage the fetal blood cells, increasing the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
Testing for Genetic Conditions and Congenital Anomalies in the Fetus
In cases where one parent suffers from an inherited disease of the dominant gene, the rate of the child born at risk of the disease accounts for 50%.
In cases where one parent carries recessive abnormalities when the baby is born at a 25% risk of developing an inherited disease of both parents, the risk of both parents is 50% and the rate of healthy children is only 25%.
For problems related to hereditary pathology there will be different rates in typical boys and girls such as hemophilia or color blindness. These are all diseases related to a genetic mutation on the sex chromosome.
If there is a combination of genetic and environmental factors, it will increase the risk of children suffering from congenital heart disease, the cleft palate … affecting the child's health and comprehensive development.
But if the parents do the prenuptial test in the first place, the doctor will perform the chromosome, so that they can evaluate the family tree of the spouse. This will be the basis to help detect chromosomal abnormalities, to be able to evaluate the prognosis of children with inherited diseases from parents or birth defects.
Thanks to that, the doctor will advise and help couples to prepare, monitor, and apply intervention methods at the right time.
Testing For Chronic Disease
In the case of husband and wife suffering from immune diseases, it is necessary to monitor the disease progress regularly, periodically examine and combine therapies to control the disease well. Especially the tests for chronic diseases are extremely important for women because diseases such as heart disease, diabetes have a high level of danger, which can threaten the life and health of both mothers and mothers. baby during pregnancy.
Pre-Marital Test How Much Money?
Where is the premarital test? Currently, almost all major hospitals provide pre-marital examination and treatment services for couples in need. You should go to reputable hospitals and medical centers to get accurate results and specific advice from your doctor based on test results.
Pre-marriage test how much money? Depending on the place of the test, the medical equipment, the qualifications of the doctor, and the quality of the hospital, the price of the test will vary.
In particular, the prenuptial test will include many different packages, for basic services, the reference price is about 1.5 – 2.5 million dong (the price varies depending on time). But if you both want an in-depth examination or if the doctor finds an abnormality that requires further examination, there will be costs.
In addition, the cost of prenuptial testing for women is often higher than for men due to the need for more specific fertility examinations and future pregnancies. Therefore, to know the exact price, when conducting the examination, the doctor will advise the most specific.
In addition, for more information advice and direct appointment, you can call hotline 19001717 for detailed instructions and answers.
Thus, the premarital test is a test of great significance for couples planning to get married and having plans to have children in the future. To have the most careful preparation before your baby is born, you should look to a specialist for the most accurate examination, consultation, and treatment orientation.
The site cannot and does not contain medical advice. The medical information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information. We encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals.