Genital warts, if not detected in the stage of onset, can cause many unpredictable complications. Not only that, this is a disease that can spread quickly if you do not recognize early signs for good control of the disease.
Therefore, finding relevant information, especially the clinical manifestations of genital warts, is important information that you should learn.
What Are Genital Warts?
Genital warts are also known as genital warts or genital warts. Regardless of the name, this refers to a quite common social disease today, spread mainly through sex, especially for unsafe relationships.
Genital warts are caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). This is the common name of the virus, including 120 strains, of which about 40 are the main causes of sexually transmitted diseases. Most typically, HPV-16 and HPV-18 are the causative agents of genital warts, accounting for about 90% of cases.
Although genital warts can be found in both men and women, the results of statistics show that the incidence of genital warts in women is often higher.
For this reason, women often receive semen from men during sex, while the vaginal environment is a favorable condition for this virus to thrive.
In addition to having unprotected sex, genital warts can also be passed from mother to child or by sharing personal belongings with the patient.
Are genital warts dangerous? When suffering from genital warts, the patient not only feels uncomfortable and pain when walking, affects the quality of life, makes the patient have low self-esteem, is afraid to communicate, affects the kissing life. However, it also increases the risk of unpredictable complications.
If you get genital warts during pregnancy, pregnant women will face the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, or premature birth which is extremely dangerous. Not only that, but babies born are also at risk of disease or infection when breastfed.
Even genital warts are also a cause of complications such as penile cancer, cervical cancer … infertility, infertility, or death.
What Are The Symptoms & Signs Of Genital Warts?
How long do genital warts develop is a common question of many people when learning about this pathology. When infected with genital warts virus, the virus lurks in the body at the epithelial site of the bottom layer of the human skin and does not cause any symptoms.
The incubation period depends on each case, but the average lasts from 2 to 9 months, the symptoms of genital warts in the early and later stages are different between men and women.
Usually, in men, genital warts symptoms appear earlier than in women. For women, genital warts only have obvious symptoms to recognize when the disease has entered a severe stage.
Symptoms of genital warts on males
Early genital warts in men: On the genitals and in the skin around the foreskin, groin folds … soft papules appear, observing these papules are pale pink, Usually, protrudes above the surface of the skin and appears solitary.
Since these papules usually do not cause any symptoms that bother the person, if they are not paid close attention, it can be difficult to notice.
Genital warts later in men: Warts have entered a stage of rapid development and are concentrated in plaques with a diameter of a few centimeters. These patches, when observed, have a similar appearance to the color of chicken or cauliflower, and when touched, they will feel soft and slightly damp.
Because these plaques contain fluid, if you press hard with your hands, the fluid will leak out.
In more severe cases, these warts will grow to a larger size, about a fistula, have blood or fluid, and are accompanied by a very unpleasant odor.
Symptoms of genital warts on female
Due to the complex structure of the female genitalia, when infected with genital warts in the first stage in women, the disease will develop quite quietly, the manifestations are often very vague and difficult to recognize. Until the symptoms started to swell, the patient went to the gynecological examination to know that the disease had developed to a serious stage.
Most of the time, after having sex with someone infected with HPV for about 3 weeks, female genitals will begin to appear pale pink papules, inside containing fluid and easy to bleed when it works. moving.
These warts often appear in the big lips, baby lips, vagina, and deep in the uterus, but do not cause discomfort for the patient. Until sexual rubbing a lot, these warts will easily break open, causing pus and blood to drain, increasing the risk of infection.
In addition to causing disease in the male and female genitals, these warts can also appear in the anus, genital warts, and tongue …
Genital warts in the first stage of the mouth are usually soft, pinkish-white papillae, small and slightly hard, protruding on the mucous layer. At the same time, patients have a feeling of fatigue, loss of appetite, burning pain during sex, depending on the severity and location of genital warts.
When you see signs of suspected genital warts, patients should quickly go to a medical center or a reputable hospital to be examined, find out the cause of the disease, from there to have appropriate treatment, to avoid dangerous complications.
If you need more support with other information, more specific counseling depending on the case, the patient can also contact hotline 19001717 – Diag – Medical diagnostic testing center for support and book an appointment schedule.
Diagnosis Of Genital Warts
When a patient is suspected of having genital warts, to be able to confirm the results most accurately, in addition to an examination, the patient may need to perform some additional diagnostic tests related to:
Because genital warts are often difficult to detect, the doctor needs to apply a solution of acetic acid to the genitals of the patient so that the boils appear clearly to make them easier to see. Next, the doctor will have to do a colposcopy in women to see if there are warts.
The Pap method is one of the typical genital warts tests. In women, it is necessary to have a pelvic exam combined with a periodic Pap test to detect changes caused by warts in the vagina or genital warts in the cervix.
At the same time, this method can also detect early signs of cervical cancer, complications caused by genital infections.
To perform the Pap test, the doctor will use a specialized device, also known as a speculum, to place it in the middle of the vagina, then take a sample with a sampling stick, then take it under a microscope.
HPV test: A sample of cervical cells taken from the Pap site can help your doctor detect the strain of the HPV virus that causes warts or cervical cancer.
However, this test is usually for women 30 years of age and older. Because in young women the immune system is capable of destroying the genital viruses that cause cancer without medical intervention to treat.
Treatment For Genital Warts
Whether genital warts can be cured is a common concern for many patients when receiving the diagnosis. According to dermatologists, when you have genital warts, in case the patient does not feel uncomfortable, it may not need treatment.
On the contrary, if the disease causes symptoms that affect the patient's quality of life such as discomfort, itching, burning, or loss of confidence, you should seek professional support.
Although so far there is no cure for genital warts that can be completely treated and the disease cannot be cured and improved without any intervention.
However, with the advancement of medicine, the most optimal solution to the treatment of genital warts being applied today is the burning of lesions with CO2 lasers or electrocautery. This is a method that directly affects lesions on the surface of the skin or mucous membranes in areas where nodules appear.
But because the genital warts are caused by a virus, these methods can only help the patient get rid of the papules on the surface of the skin, but not the viruses. In the future, new lesions may continue to appear on the skin's surface.
Just like that, the patient must monitor and treat until no new lesions appear, at least during the incubation period usually from 8 months or more. After this time, your doctor can assess whether or not you have completely treated genital warts.
In addition, to treat lesions caused by genital warts, your doctor will use a solution of 20-25% podophyllotoxin, or trichloroacetic acid, but only usually applied to the lesions caused by genital warts. cause in the vagina, vulva and cannot be applied to the anal or cervical warts due to the inability to control the degree of ulcerative damage when using the drug.
Thus, genital warts are a disease that is very easy to spread through sex, especially in people who have unprotected sex. As soon as there are abnormal symptoms that are suspected of the disease, to limit complications, the patient should not be afraid to consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment to help control the disease well.
The site cannot and does not contain medical advice. The medical information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information. We encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals.