Stroke in young people has become increasingly common in recent years. The main cause is often due to cerebral ischemia, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis, arterial thrombosis, etc. In addition, due to lifestyle habits, nutrition, stress, etc. The rate of young people having a stroke is increasing.
What Is A Stroke?
A stroke (cerebrovascular accident) is a condition that occurs when there is serious damage to the brain, due to an interruption or insufficient blood supply to the brain, causing the brain to lack oxygen and not enough nutrients to nourish cells. Brain cells can die within minutes without an adequate and timely blood supply. Because of that, stroke is a disease with rapid progression, the longer the time, the more cells die. Patients need to be treated as soon as possible to limit the impact on their ability to move, think as well as avoid the risk of death.
Stroke is divided into two types:
- Ischemic stroke
A stroke is caused by a blood clot that blocks an artery, preventing blood flow to the brain. This is the most common type of stroke, accounting for about 85% of all strokes today.
- Hemorrhagic stroke
When the thin artery wall is weak or has a crack, the leak causes a blood vessel to the brain to burst, thereby causing massive bleeding and causing brain hemorrhage. Hemorrhagic strokes are less common.
In some cases, patients may also experience transient ischemic attacks. This condition occurs because the blood supply to the brain is temporarily reduced, symptoms are still present but usually only last for a few minutes. However, absolutely do not be subjective because it is a warning sign of the risk of stroke that can occur at any time.
Causes Of Stroke In Today's Young People
Stroke can occur at any age, with an average of people over 60 years of age. However, in recent years, the number of young people having a stroke has been increasing and it often has a sudden onset due to a number of causes, usually including:
- Cerebral vascular malformation
Brain aneurysms, arteriovenous catheters, angiomas, etc. easily cause stroke in young people.
- Young people with cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular diseases such as arrhythmias, coagulopathy, heart valve disease, cardiovascular thrombosis,…
Besides the main causes, there are other factors that increase the risk of stroke in young people today, such as:
Many young people today often suffer from insomnia. The cause may be due to pressure from work, study, stress about social issues, family, the habit of going to bed late, … Insomnia with a frequency of about 3 times/week and lasting more than 1 month can cause chronic conditions. Sleep plays an important role in health, so sleep loss can make young people more susceptible to diseases such as high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, obesity, dyslipidemia, etc.
- Frequently smokes
Smoking habits increase the risk of stroke in young people today. The reason is that cigarettes contain many types of toxic chemicals such as carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, etc. When smoking, these substances will be absorbed into the lungs, then transported into the blood to change. and destroy cells in the body. This causes blood vessels in the brain to become damaged, rupture, and cause a stroke.
- Use of alcohol, beer
Alcoholic beverages and stimulants increase the risk of diseases such as blood pressure, atherosclerosis, anemia to the brain, blood fat, affecting the nervous system, bleeding in the brain, etc. .extremely dangerous.
- Frequent stress, stress
Long-term work and life pressures increase the risk of stroke in young people. Because stress, stress affects health, causing dangerous diseases that young people can get.
- Disorders of blood fat metabolism
Young people with cerebral infarction account for about 50-60% due to dyslipidemia. This condition occurs due to the long-term habit of eating foods high in fat and grease, which will lead to vascular diseases such as heart disease, stroke, …
- Overweight, obese, lazy
An unscientific diet coupled with a sedentary habit makes young people more likely to fall into overweight and obesity. This is one of the factors that increase the risk of stroke in young people today.
- Subjective, don't go for a regular health check
Young people are often subjective in protecting their health, eating, and exercising in moderation. Even if abnormal symptoms appear, do not seek medical attention immediately. Only when the condition is severe does it go to the doctor, making treatment more difficult. Therefore, it is extremely important to listen to your body and go for regular health check-ups.
Signs of Stroke in Young People
Stroke symptoms in young and old people are generally quite similar. Signs that can appear and disappear quickly are also signs of a stroke 1 week before that need to be noted such as:
- The body is tired, the person feels that he has no strength, the face is frozen in half or the whole face, the smile is distorted.
- The patient has difficulty pronouncing the words, the words are sticky, and the speech is slurred.
- Dizziness, inability to coordinate activities with other parts, sudden loss of balance in the body.
- Blurred vision, decreased vision, not seeing clearly.
- The body is paralyzed, the limbs are difficult to move, the arms cannot be raised above the head at the same time.
- Severe headaches that may cause nausea or vomiting.
- Feeling of chest pain, shortness of breath, craving for sleep, prolonged cold, body fatigue, dizziness, … can be signs that appear 1 week before a stroke.
How To Prevent A Stroke?
To prevent the risk of stroke in young people in particular and all ages in general, you can apply the following measures:
Maintain a healthy diet
Diet greatly affects cardiovascular diseases, blood fat, diabetes, … is the main cause of stroke. Therefore, maintaining a scientific and moderate diet is an effective way to prevent stroke.
- Should add a variety of vegetables, roots, fruits, grains, and legumes.
- Drink enough water, add more juice, soy milk, …
- Should eat white meat, seafood, eggs to provide enough protein for the body.
- Limit the use of red meat of all kinds.
- Foods containing a lot of fat, fried food, fast food should be limited.
- Do not eat a lot of sweets, foods with high sugar content.
Regular exercise is a good habit to help prevent stroke today. You should practice with regular intensity, at least 5 days/week with simple exercises.
Control blood pressure
Kiểm soát đồ uống có cồn
High blood pressure is one of the factors that increase the risk of stroke. Therefore, it is necessary to control blood pressure by limiting salty and processed foods. Should add more green vegetables, fruits that contain a lot of potassium such as sweet potatoes, bananas, tomatoes, potatoes, legumes, … In addition, it is necessary to add foods that contain a lot of omega-3 from fish. salmon, tuna, mackerel, sardines, herring, walnuts,…to prevent stroke
People with a history of high blood pressure need to measure their blood pressure regularly, use antihypertensive drugs as well as maintain a diet and lifestyle as prescribed by the doctor.
Smokers have a higher risk of stroke than the general population. Because this is a factor that increases the formation of blood clots, atherosclerosis. In addition, tobacco use also affects the lungs and other organs in the body.
Control of alcoholic beverages
Heavy use of alcohol increases the risk of stroke and further affects health.
Treatment of diabetes
High blood sugar will damage blood vessels and cause blood clots to easily form in the arteries leading to stroke. Therefore, for patients with diabetes, it is necessary to keep blood sugar levels under control.
Treatment of atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation can cause symptoms such as arrhythmia, palpitations, palpitations, chest pain, etc., increasing the risk of stroke.
Here's what you need to know about stroke in young people today. Hopefully, it will help you know how to prevent and recognize the early signs of this disease.
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