Learning About Diabetes
Diabetes is also called diabetes mellitus. This is a chronic disease caused by diabetes because the insulin levels in the blood are always at an unstable level, causing blood sugar levels in the body to rise above normal levels.
When having diabetes, the patient's body will now have a disorder in the metabolism of blood sugar. This prolonged phenomenon will cause more and more sugar to accumulate and increase in the blood, causing bad effects on health.
Diabetes has 3 forms: including type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. By measuring the concentration of glucose in the blood, doctors will know what type of diabetes a patient has.
Is Diabetes Dangerous?
Is diabetes dangerous? In fact, this is a dangerous disease that seriously affects the health of the patient. Especially when not treated in an early stage. Diabetes is one of the 3 leading diseases causing death in the world, after heart disease and cancer.
Diabetes in the long run will weaken the immune system, causing the body to lose feeling, the wound will heal longer than usual. Complications will affect the nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidneys, and vision …
In Vietnam, diabetes is showing signs of rejuvenation. According to statistics from the Ministry of Health, the number of diabetic patients has continuously increased in the past 10 years. In 2017, 5.5% of the population had this disease, which means that about 7.5 people will have diabetes.
This number will not stop but will continue to increase in the future. It is predicted that by 2045, the prevalence of diabetes in Vietnam will be 7.7% of the population, located at a relatively young age from 20 years old to about 79 years old.
Cause of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes: When the pancreas does not produce enough insulin needed, the body has a serious shortage of insulin in the blood, causing diabetes. However, type 1 diabetes is quite rare at only 10% and primarily the elderly and young children.
Type 2 diabetes: This type is more common, accounting for 90 – 95%. The reason is that the body is resistant to insulin. Or to put it more easily, even though the body can still produce insulin, it cannot convert glucose into energy.
Before recognizing the signs of diabetes, let's find out who is at risk for common diabetes:
• Poor lifestyle is also a cause of illness.
• People who have a habit of eating a lot of greasy foods, fast foods that are high in calories and fat.
• Obesity, especially abdominal obesity, is also at risk for diabetes.
• It can also be caused by genetic genes. When a parent has diabetes in a family, the children are in a high-risk group.
• Unstable working hours, staying up late also increase the prevalence of diabetes by 50%.
• Regularly fasting, skipping breakfast will cause the body to lower blood sugar leading to a craving for sweet supplementation. When the body consumes too much sugar, it leads to the overproduction of insulin leading to disease.
• Women with polycystic ovary disease are also at risk of making insulin in their body disorder.
• People with severe snoring are also 50% more likely to develop diabetes than normal people.
Indeed, diabetes is a dangerous disease. So, what are the symptoms of early-stage diabetes? How to recognize the signs of diabetes for prevention and treatment.
In addition to being busy with life and work, people often do not have time to pay much attention to health, leading to even though the body gives warnings but does not receive any response, making the illness worse.
Therefore, you should take time to rest and listen to your body more. Some of the early symptoms of diabetes that you may be aware of are as follows:
Body Constantly Thirsty
When blood sugar is high, the body will activate the mechanism to separate the water in the cells and then pump it into the blood. This is for the purpose of diluting excess blood sugar.
At this time, dehydrated cells cause the body to produce a feeling of thirst. Makes you constantly drink water to compensate. But patients always feel that no matter how much water they drink, they still don't feel thirsty.
Peeing Many Times
One of the most recognizable signs of diabetes besides thirst is frequent urination. If the number of urination goes beyond 7, you are very likely to have diabetes. The explanation for this phenomenon is when the body wants to remove the excess sugar from the excretion line. Therefore, the kidneys will have to work harder causing the feeling of urination many times.
Weight Loss For Unknown Cause
Through the provision of nutrients from food, glucose in food will be converted into energy to sustain the body's activities. But with diabetes, the body is no longer able to convert glucose into energy. The body with a serious lack of energy has to compensate by getting energy from the muscles and fat.
As a result of fat loss, muscles also weaken causing weight loss. Many women when they see their body lose weight are happy because of their beauty, but losing weight for unknown reasons is a concern you should go to a doctor to find out the cause of the disease.
Tired And Hungry People
When the body has a lack of insulin due to its inability to convert chemicals from food into energy. Meanwhile, blood sugar is soaring that the body must always find ways to get rid of excess sugar. This leads to an inevitable need to always have a craving to recharge the missing energy, leaving the body always feeling hungry and the tired person has no energy.
Dry Mouth, Itchy Skin
When the excretory system has to work regularly, the body dehydrates, leading to a lack of moisture and dry skin. When the skin is dry, many people also experience itchy skin. Besides, there is also an expression of thirst is the feeling of dry mouth.
Ease Yeast Infection
A common sign of diabetes, whether male or female, is a yeast infection. Usually appears in skin folds anywhere. With ideal conditions of high humidity and warm temperatures. Yeast causes infections, most commonly on the fingers and toes, and especially on the genitals.
Long Healed Wounds
The amount of sugar that accumulates in the blood for too long will affect blood circulation. This damages the nervous system and reduces the body's resistance. When a patient has open wounds it is very difficult to heal, sometimes even widespread sores. Damage to the nervous system also makes many people feel numb and painful in their legs.
Another condition in which you can recognize the signs of diabetes is that in addition to the above symptoms, nausea also develops. This is a very dangerous condition because the burning of fat for energy produces ketones that accumulate in the blood. To a certain extent, it will threaten the life of the patient.
Treatment of Diabetes
Not only when you have signs of diabetes, you should see a doctor, but regular check-ups every year are essential to early detection of diseases and monitoring of your health.
At this time, doctors will base on the information you provide about your symptoms, family history, and drugs to conduct the tests. Through the test results of diabetes, the index will have an accurate conclusion that you have diabetes or not.
Diabetes treatment has many different methods. But one thing in common is that patients must follow a strict, scientific diet as directed by their doctor. Besides, it is necessary to strictly monitor the disease status continuously and periodically re-examine.
With type 1 diabetes, because the body cannot produce insulin on its own, the patient must take insulin for the rest of his life.
With type 2 diabetes, there is more difference. If you make a positive and scientific lifestyle change, the condition can be reduced and controlled. Including eating and exercising. Along with that, depending on the condition that the doctor will prescribe more oral drugs and injections to be able to control well blood sugar.
There are many factors that lead to diabetes that cannot be prevented. But having a healthy lifestyle will reduce your chances of developing the disease. Therefore, it is not only when you recognize the signs of diabetes that you should worry about seeing a doctor and treatment. But right now let's change living habits in a positive direction to defeat all "attack" ways of disease on the body.
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The site cannot and does not contain medical advice. The medical information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals.