How Dangerous Is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is the 4th most common type of cancer in women, with its effects and prognosis varying depending on the stage of the disease. Diag keeps you informed about what you need to know.


More than half of all cases of cervical cancer result in mortality

Cervical cancer is a malignant disease that occurs when the epithelial cells (cells on the surface) of the cervix grow abnormally, leading to the formation of tumors in the cervix. These tumors multiply uncontrollably, invading and migrating to other organs in the body, most commonly spreading to the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.

According to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), cervical cancer is one of the most diagnosed types of cancer in women, specifically for the following reasons:

– It was estimated that 604,000 new cases and 342,000 women died globally in 2020. Low and middle-income countries account for 90% of all new cases and deaths.

– In Vietnam alone, it is estimated that for every 100,000 women, there will be 20 cases of cervical cancer, with the number of deaths up to 11 cases (according to a report from the Ministry of Health).

4 cervical cancer risk factors from daily life:


– Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): Although the science behind how cervical cancer develops is still being studied, HPV is the leading cause of this disease. To date, scientists have found that there are more than 200 types of HPV that can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, usually through sexual contact (including oral sex). In the absence of tumor formation, HPV can still cause warts or genital warts.

– HIV infection (the virus that causes AIDS): When the body is infected with this virus, the body’s immune system is weakened, increasing the risk of HPV infection and leading to cancer formation.

– Long-term use of oral contraceptives (5 years or more) or have given birth to 3 or more children.

– Poor sexual health safety, being involved in relationships with many different partners.

It’s estimated that 80% of women are infected with at least 01 Type of HPV

Cervical cancer is often caused by an infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted virus. Therefore, sexually active women are at a higher risk of developing cervical cancer, with those over 30 years old even more at risk.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

– Onset phase: Abnormal bleeding between cycles in women of reproductive age; Bleeding in premenopausal women; Bleeding after sex; Increased vaginal discharge, sometimes with a bad odor.

– Stage of disease: Persistent pain in the lower back, legs, and pelvis; Weight loss, fatigue, and loss of appetite; Increased vaginal discharge with bad odor; Swelling of the legs or both lower extremities.

>>> You can read more: Let Diag Answer All Your Questions About Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer Can Be Prevented At Home

To prevent cervical cancer, you should:

– Stay away from increased risk factors such as smoking, long-term use of birth control pills, etc.

– Use condoms when having sex and avoid having multiple sexual partners.

– Cervical cancer screening: It is recommended that if you are a woman between the ages of 25 and 65 you should have a cervical cancer screening every 1-3 years. However, now you don’t need to go to a clinic or hospital to get your screening done. You can do it at home with the HPV Self-Sampling Kit – Improving Cervical Cancer Screening at Diag.


The HPV Self-Sampling Kit is a solution that puts women’s feelings first and meets their needs with the following:

– 40 types of HPV: Identified and detected at a reasonable cost.

– Digitalization: Ensures your privacy by registering your information via QR code.

48 hours: Get results online quickly and accurately.

– Discreet and easy: Pick up a kit at one of our 30+ branches or online (Diag website, Shopee, Lazada, Tiki) and collect the sample at home.

80% of women are infected with HPV, and this virus causes up to 95% of cases of cervical cancer. Therefore, you need to screen for HPV to actively monitor your health and detect cervical cancer early to allow timely treatment measures. Do not hesitate to call 1900 1717 for 24/7 to consult with Diag’s dedicated staff or visit one of our clinics for more detailed information about the HPV Self-Sampling Kit.

* This article was written in consultation with Diag’s medical experts. However, the information it contains is for reference only and is not a substitute for medical advice. Before taking action based on the information provided, please get advice from a medical professional.

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