The thyroid is an important body hormone, shaped like a butterfly, located between the neck above the collarbone but below the larynx. In this case, there are abnormal proliferation cells that will form thyroid nodules.
However, the majority are still benign thyroid nodules. However, we should not be subjective, need to find out this information to have appropriate treatment to protect our health well.
What Are Benign Thyroid Nodules?
The thyroid gland is an important organ responsible for the production of hormones in the body, located in the front of the neck and below the bottom of the throat, just above the sternum.
What are benign thyroid nodules? Benign thyroid nodules are tumors that develop in the thyroid area, filled with fluid or solids inside, that interfere with the functioning of the thyroid and affect the aesthetics.
Most cases of thyroid tumors are benign thyroid nodules, without causing obvious symptoms to recognize. For malignant thyroid nodules, also known as thyroid cancer, it is very rare, only a small percentage of about 5%.
Currently, the rate of thyroid disease is increasing gradually with age, more common in women with the rate of about 5 women / 1 male.
In most cases, patients will not find out that they have thyroid tumors only if the doctor accidentally runs the test during the health checkup.
But some tumors have grown to a large size that can still be observed with the naked eye with symptoms of difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing.
Causes Of Benign Thyroid Nodules
Benign thyroid nodules can be caused by many factors, typically:
Overgrowth of thyroid tissue: Although this condition does not cause serious problems affecting the health of the patient when the tumor is too large it will cause discomfort. There are some cases where a thyroid tumor will lead to hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid cyst: This is a condition that often occurs when the adenomas degenerate, resulting in an internal tumor filled with fluid, called a thyroid cyst.
Lack of excessive iodine: An unreasonable diet, causing severe iodine deficiency is also one of the most common causes of the thyroid gland to form large tumors.
Chronic thyroiditis: Having Hashimoto's disease may increase the risk of thyroiditis, as well as form large tumors in the thyroid gland. Usually, this is accompanied by hypothyroidism.
Multinuclear goiter: A goiter, also known as a goiter, can be caused by persistent iodine deficiency or a thyroid disorder. With multicollen tumors, there are often many different types of tumors and the cause has not been specified.
Thyroid cancer: Although the likelihood of forming a malignant tumor in the thyroid gland is quite low. But in the case of a patient who feels stiff in the neck, observing a painful large tumor, this is an irreversible sign and it is necessary to see an oncologist for early examination.
Signs And Symptoms Of Benign Thyroid Nodules
Can benign thyroid nodules cause pain? How benign thyroid cancer symptoms are the top concern of many people.
According to the specialist, most of the time, benign thyroid tumors will not cause symptoms or symptoms that are too obvious for patients to easily recognize.
But over time, as this tumor grows larger and larger, the symptoms may appear that the patient needs to pay attention to as follows:
• Neck swelling, a sensation of a lump in the neck area or a palpable lump.
• Have a feeling of swallowing, difficulty swallowing, or breathing, especially when pressing the esophagus or trachea with your hands.
• Has persistent coughing spells, hoarseness.
• Pain concentrated in the throat.
In less common cases, when the tumor stimulates the production of thyroxine, a thyroid hormone, the patient may experience symptoms of elevated thyroid hormone levels, similar to those associated with hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism, including the following:
• Sweating frequently.
• Rapid but unexplained weight loss.
• Frequent hand tremors and shivering.
• People who are anxious and restless.
• Abnormally fast or irregular heartbeat.
So, when should I see a doctor? When there are signs of unusual swelling in the neck area, difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing, and palpation of thyroid goiter, you should see your doctor for an examination and assessment of the condition, avoiding the mass. Malignant tumors can cause serious health problems.
In addition, when you have symptoms of hyperthyroidism including the following symptoms, you should also go to the hospital for an early check-up including:
• Even though you still have normal cravings, eat and drink, you lose unexplained weight.
• Heart rate faster and stronger than normal.
• Struggled, difficult to sleep.
• Have a feeling of muscle weakness.
• People are often restless and irritable.
Some of the symptoms of hypothyroidism, due to an underactive thyroid, prevent hormone levels from being produced enough, with the following symptoms that you also need to see early as:
• Tired often.
• Dry skin.
• Feeling cold often.
• Ease of anxiety and depression.
• Memory problems.
Is Benign Thyroid Nodules Dangerous?
Are benign thyroid tumors in danger is not a common question of many patients when they hear that malignant thyroid tumors are quite dangerous, is benign thyroid nodules dangerous?
In fact, it should be understood that not every patient diagnosed with a thyroid tumor will develop thyroid cancer, which is currently very low. Therefore, at first, the sick person should not be too confused and affect their morale.
It is important to see a specialist for advice and regular visits to monitor the health situation in each stage. From there, there is the most effective treatment.
According to statistics, about 1 in 5 people with thyroid cancer have a history of thyroid disease.
Despite being a benign thyroid tumor, over time, the tumor can rapidly increase in size, causing pressure on its neighboring organs, affecting health, life, and cosmetic problems.
In this case, the tumor compresses the esophagus, making it difficult to eat and drink. If the pressure is pressed to the trachea, it will cause hoarseness, difficulty breathing, even when the tumor is too big, it will cause problems with movement and loss of aesthetics.
If the patient is subjective, not well controlled by the prescribed examination, and does not cure the disease completely, the tumor can cause a number of complications, typically thyroiditis and disrupted thyroid function. chaotic.
At this point, the treatment is given that requires surgery to improve the function of the thyroid gland, costing time, money, and health problems because it takes time to recover from the disease.
Treatment for Benign Thyroid Nodules
Do benign thyroid tumors need medication? Or benign thyroid tumors should not be operated on? For benign thyroid tumors, after being diagnosed and determined by a doctor, the most effective treatment regimen will be offered.
Because each person's medical condition is different, not all thyroid tumors require surgery or treatment. Currently, there are many options for treating benign thyroid tumors including:
Monitor the condition periodically without the need for medical treatment: When a diagnosis of benign thyroid tumors becomes available, your doctor may recommend regular monitoring of the patient's condition.
Explained more clearly, that means you need to have periodic health checks. If there is no unusual change in the tumor, no medical intervention is needed.
Thyroid hormone therapy: In the event that the results of a thyroid tumor test show that the thyroid is not producing the required amount of hormones for the body, the doctor will recommend a treatment that may be the patient needing medication. Hormone supplements during treatment. At the same time, thyroid hormone levels will be regularly monitored for appropriate treatment directions in the near future.
Surgery: In the case of a benign thyroid tumor, although not a thyroid cancer, if the tumor is too large, usually 4 cm or more, causing the patient problems such as difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing… the doctor may recommend surgery to remove the tumor.
Tumors that have not yet been identified or doctors suspected to be cancerous during diagnosis may also need surgical removal to ensure safety. Next, a part of this tumor will be examined for traces of cancer to confirm.
Benign thyroid cancer nodules can be detected through regular physical exams and through abnormalities in the neck area. To ensure safety, you need to see a specialist for specific examinations and appropriate treatment to best protect your health.
If you suspect that you have thyroid nodules, if you want more information about thyroid screening, you can contact hotline 19001717 – Diag. This is the place trusted by many customers in the field of testing, so you can be completely assured of the test results received.
The site cannot and does not contain medical advice. The medical information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals.